Soil stabilization is technique that is used to increase the strength of the foundation of any construction site such as farm land, residential or commercial building. It is seen as a means to repair cracks and damages that appear on the surface with the passage of time. The strength of the foundation is very much essential to ensure the stability of any construction that takes place on it. The loose foundation is the main reason for any kind of mishap like collapsing of building which is an irreparable damage to both the life and the material. Hence, good construction contractors pay extra attention to the foundation strength for making a durable and reliable building.
Popular Soil Stabilization Techniques
More than just common, the two techniques that have been mentioned below are actually popular due to longevity and quality reasons.
1. High Pressure Drilling: This technique involves insertion of steel rods into the soil surface at a very high pressure. The soil stabilizer is then injected using the hydraulic pressure into the holes created. Stabilizer is nothing but a surface tightener specified by engineer or construction specialist that is used to hold the loose soil particles together in order to provide ultimate strength to the construction surface. The pressure achieved falls under the range of 50 to 200 psi. Stabilization basically refers to decreasing the plasticity index of the soil. Increase in plasticity index by 25% or more reduces the quality of the surface. The surfactant is able to reduce this index by 95% thereby increasing the age of the soil.
2. Mechanical and Chemical Stabilization by Adding Material: Adding material leads to the stabilization of the soil. This principle is used for increasing the strength of the soil which in turn enables the builders to use the site for construction and development. Mechanical stabilization refers to mixing the other soil materials to the existing soil for achieving desired strength while chemical stabilization is the addition of cementing materials or polar binding materials to the soil pores to increase the permeability and elasticity of the soil. Foundry sand and coal fly ash are the two most used materials that are employed in the chemical stabilization of the soil surface.
Benefits of Soil Stabilization
Soil stabilization is used to alter the properties of the soil that suit the requirement in a most agreeable way. With the nature of locations, the binding ability of the soil differs for the building site and an agricultural land. The purpose for which the soil surface is being used determines the need and extent of soil stabilization. Heaving is a common problem that is seen in soils having plasticity index more than 25%. Hence, soil stabilization techniques are employed to combat the problem of heaving.
Another important benefit is the reduction in soil expansion. The soil tends to expand notoriously due to the presence of moisture. The reduction of moisture from the soil surface is a very important function of soil stabilization.
The type of soil determines the suitability of the material used for soil stabilization. Unlike other soil types, clay soils are best stabilized with the help of sufonated oils that are basically water-soluble in nature. The soil stabilization is the back bone of construction industry.
Whether it is for a commercial purpose or personal reasons, soil stabilization should never be ignored before you actually plan to build anything on your acquired land. Stabilization of soil ensures safety to both the parties, human lives and the soil itself. This is the governing reason why you should always adopt this process.
Greg is a true professional to help you with your construction queries. He advises to improve the quality of the soil before you are utilizing the land for business or other purpose. To get more idea about improving quality of the soil and soil stabilization products, you can visit his blogs on soil and its maintenance.