Categorized | Construction

Top 6 Hazards that could happen at a Construction Site

Construction sites are amongst the most possibly dangerous working environments that are prone to more number of accidents. Too much of exposure to such construction site dangers exposes the workers to injuries and sometimes even death.


To overcome such situations, the contract company has to be aware of various ways to identify the potential hazards that could be faced during the usual business operations. Appropriate safety measures should also be taken to ensure safe working environment to the workers.

The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) needs each and every construction site employee to possess a sound knowledge of their vulnerability to injuries in the work site.

6 Hazards to Watch Out for

Here’s a list of the top 6 potential construction site hazards as identified by OSHA:

  • Electrical Hazards: Hazards associated with electricity is one of the greatest risks faced by the construction workers. Electrical engineers, electricians, and power line workers are constantly exposed to such dangers. At the construction place, the best way out to overcome such hazards is to stay at a safe distance from the power lines while working. As a precautionary measure, workers can work by standing on an insulated and guarded vehicle.

  • Trenching and Excavation: This is another highly hazardous construction site operation as identified by OSHA. Though these hazards can be prevented, they keep happening often. The employee as well as the employer should follow the safety standards and make use of protective features to reduce the hazards while excavating and trenching.

  • Heavy Construction Equipment: Around hundred construction site employees die every year because of heavy construction equipments. The common causes of such an accident are: ground workers come under the wheels when the vehicle is changing direction or reversing; rollovers of equipments hurt the operator; ground workers get crushed under falling equipments from buckers and backhoes to other moving construction automobiles. Workers should follow the safety guidelines in order to stay away from such problems.

  • Power Tool Accidents: Such accidents are often caused due to not using suitable ear and eye protection. Injuries due to nail gun have increased every year making such ear and eye injuries common. The fact is that a nail shoots out of the nail gun with a force equivalent to that of a .22 caliber bullet. Without proper guards on the power tools, such accidents to amputations and cuts.

  • Falls from Scaffoldings: The most common and hazardous construction site risk is falling down from scaffolding higher than 6 feet or from a fixed ladder from a height of more than 20 feet. The common cause for such accidents to happen is tripping, slipping, and utilizing unstable ladders. To get rid of such risks, the employers should conduct a fall protection program as a part of the overall workplace health and safety program.

  • Roof Construction Falls: This is also a major cause of death in the construction sites where fall protection is not provided. The workers may fall if the anchors (helps to give fall arrest with a fixed lifeline) are not attached properly and more than a single lifeline is attached on one anchor.

The Bottom-Line

Though safety risks are not avoidable on the construction sites, they can be prevented by instruction the workers on appropriate safety measures and providing them with the necessary safety equipment. So, make it a point to give top-most priority to the safety aspect, and watch out for these hazards at a construction site to avoid potential disasters.

Author Bio

Robert Mericle is a safety officer, who ensures safety at construction sites. He also contributes construction safety articles and gives tips to the employers and employees to stay safe on the construction sites.